Both the subjects Sociology and Psychology are closely related. Psychology is the science of the mind or of mental process. It stresses on how the mind receives sensations, gives them meaning and responds to them. Modern psychologists give attention to the study of emotions drives, learning and personality. Sociologists cannot understand human behaviour unless they know something on the working of human mind and personality dynamics. We cannot understand the sociology of groups unless we know something about the psychology of individuals.
In the past, Psychology remained close to Biology whereas, studies on emotions, cognition, motivation, learning and personality was close to individual's participation in social relationship. For these psychologists who look beyond clinical psychology, personality formation, learning processes and emotions serve as central concepts in much the same way as "society", "social interaction" and "social system" serve for the understanding of a sociologist.
Social Psychology is the closest field for Sociology and Psychology. From a sociological perspective, social psychology includes any study of social processes in which psychological properties of an individual influence the outcome of the social process. Actual differentiation between sociology and psychology is. that the former studies an individual as a member of a group and the latter takes him as the basic unit of study and analysis.
Differences between Sociology and psychology
- It studies social groups and have no primary interest in the individual and personality nor in individual behavior.
- Its analyses social processes.
- It focuses on social forms and structures.
- Its studies groups and group processes.
- Sociology studies sociology from sociological view point.
- Psychology studies man’s mental processes
- Both social psychology and psychology are concern with individuals’ behavior.
- Psychology studies the individuals and social psychology studies both the individual and his groups.
- Social psychology studies individual behavior from the viewpoint of psychological factors involved.
- Social psychology studies the behavior of individual in group situations.